yyS:uGJ;wIwzO

uGIcJvUP

wIuGJ;zSdO&:wzO vU Dennis Fisher

*hI*D:tlwIxkuzO

zJ 2001 eHO< vgpJ;ywhbUO 11 oDteH:OOvD:. zJt0JpHOy'hOvD:o;ql pDIeD:cdOwcgtzDvP vUutdOw'Uto;t*DItcg< t0JxkuzO0J c@c@zdwbD<
==upI{UOvD:. ePouh zJt0J
bgxkuzO0J'D; ud;yolxDOvU wIr:pU:t*DIe>O<
yS:r:wIzdw*:trH:vU Brian Clark vU 0J:vDI t*:w'U;tyl: eI[l0J'D; [Jr:pU:tD:vD:. vUwI vD:rkIvD:ySDI'D; wIcH;oltusg< toud;cH*: [JpHOvD:
0JvUCDoGgwzO< vUwItuxU 80 ql[DOcdOvd:OvD:.
pD:':0H;ud;xDO,G: vUwIr:pU:t*DI zJtbOo*UI'D; wIr:ysH:tD:
wzO tcge>OvD:. t0JtJO'd;e>IbO oySIwUI ,G:twItdO'D;tD: zJt0J uGIqUOrJP'kO'gwzO vUwI'k;tyl:tcge>OvD:. vUwIouGHIun;
vUolOvUo;eDIeDItyl:< pD:':0H;pH;0JOwuhI ... ,G:{U< tdO,H:'D;,:w*h:< ,upI{UObO. bOqO'D; yePe>IohvU ,G:'dueO ywIxkuzOwzOOvD:. Dennis Fisher

bOwIr:obHS; 'fod;ubOwIr:uJxDOtoD

zJ[DOcdO'DbhOwI'k;cH0Dw0DtuwDItyl:OvD:. qUuwDIzJe>Otcg< ygyI wwlIvdP wIqdurdOwrH:*h:wrH:*h:ObO. t0JpH;0JOvD:. bOqO rkItdO0JweH: zJt0JtwIyPo; bOC;'D;olO*hIo;usd:wzO vJvdPuGHP0J wpd:o;e>OvD:. rdrdIuqH;pItzd oU*:w*:CDOvD:. vUcHw*D: zJyyUIxDOvUvDIrHcdOtcg< ,oHuGI
ygyI< =ydPcGgzd{g< ydPrkOzd{g+. ygyIpH;qU0J
=ydPrkOzdvD:OvD:.
p;xDOzJe>OOvD:. zJe>OtuwDIe>OIuh:tzdrkOzd wohvU:bO. bOqOOvD:. w,HPbO t0Jp;xDOto;pJ
vUvHPpDqSHtyl: 'D;bgxkuzOwIql ,G:vUtr:bsguh:tD: vUwIo; bO'de>OvD:. twIplIwIeP'dOxDO tgxDOvUeHOvgwzOtyl:e>OvD:. t0JuJxDOyS: ydPupIc&HPtcHw*:vU tqlOOvD:.
upI,hO½â;e>O wrhIpkwCPvU yS:*HIpIbgpIt*DIbO. t0JrhI olOo;wItdOrl toDt*HIxH;e>OvD:. zJybO wIr:obSH;yS:tcge>OOvD: (pH; 119;75).
dennis Fisher

vJvdPuh:wIvUtvkItyV:wtdOqlwItoD'D;tvkItyV:

Adam Minter twIzH;wIr:e>O rhIwIr:*h:uh: wIw*dPwoDOohOwzO
vUtvkItyV:wtdOe>OvD:. tCdt0J'O vl:Ck0JwIvUtvkItyV: wtdOOvD:. vUtwIuGJ;tyl: yPzsgxDO0J'O
wIzH;wIr:t*hI vUtvJvdPuh: wIvUtvkItyV:wtdO qlwItoD'D;IqUuwDI 'D;usJ;pU; oySIySI 'fod;ur:oDxDOuh: wdIbDysH:tulPtuh< wIuH;,PvU tbOtUbOoD< 'D;zs;pwH;wzO vUtvkItyV:wtdO qlwIvUyS:qUOoUtD:ohOvD:.
wk:pD:yDvl; COu'guh:to;ql wItkOuh:
cDOuh:tupIttdOtcgIwhI0JwzO'D; t*HItbgvU ttdOwhIvH0J'D;tD:wzO< rhI'OwI
uvDuvDO upIc&HP vJvdPuh:ql wItoDwrH:vU wIqUOoUtD:oh0JvD:. t0JpH;OOvD:. vUt0JtCd ,'d;wIr:[;rI ,wIcJvUP< 'D;,yP
tD: 'fwIthOtod;IbOc&HPvD: (zH; 3;7-8). 'ft0J'ObOwI
odOvdtD:vU ,l':twIodOwIoDtod;IbOolOtUo;oD'D; vUpkqlOcDOwu; r:tUyS:c&HPzdwzOvD: (r: 9;1-2). bOqOwk:
tbO wIvJvdPuh:tD:vU c&HPtCde>OIbOwhI0JwzO< vJvdPuh:to; qlwItoDOO t0J'Ou'k;uJxDOywItdOrlql wItoDwrH:…

upI,G:tuvkIuxg vUtdO*UIqd;usU:0J

[DOcdO'DbhOwI'k;wI,: cHbsDwbsD p;xDOtqUuwDIe>O ubD,l:rhOydI ohOwzO r:vD:ySDI< r:bSHOovPuGHP wIolOxDOtgr;vU ttdOvU 0hI0OqDOvD:. vUIxlOurlOtudIvdIwzOOvD:. bOqO'D; vU0hIcUOo;e>O wIolOxDOwzsUO
[;*k:[;*D:tgr;bOqO tdOqUxUO0J usU:usU:e>O
vD:. wIolOxDOtH: rhI0J'O yS:zdvH;½SfwzO vDIcUOo;
wcgvU tbOC;'D; uDItJuvH;'D; uDIt*:wzO tvHPpDqSH u&Ue>OvD:. wI'lOvU ttdOwhItvd:e>O wIuwd:tzsUOvU yS:z;tD:oh'H;pH;0J< =rlcdO'D;[DOcdO
u'HuGH'Hzsd;0JvD:. rhrhI ,uvkIuxgtH: w'HuGHPbO0JbO+ (r;oJ 24;35).
upIc&HPpH;wIuwd:tH: 'fod;u[hO*HI[hObgtysJItbDOwzO
zJvU t0JohOoHuGIupIOvD:+ (;3). bOqO twIuwd:ohOwzOe>O weH:tH:[hOyS: wIolO'lo;'l zJvUytdOvU wIobHObkO'D; wIuDwIcJ0;w&H;yS: tqUuwDIe>OvD:. zJytdOqUxUOvU ywIrHrDIvU t[;*D:uGHP0JohOwzOtusge>O yxHOe>O
wIePupI,G:vU ttdO'D;½lIoJ;ohOwzOvU [;*D:wohOvD:. yS:uGJ;xgpH;0J<…

[DvhO0l;(Hollywood) wIvlI'DcdO txlOpkng

wItuhIt*D:vU yS:uGIeDOtD:'D; ohOngtD:t'dOuwUIvU uDItrJ&u:e>O rhI [DvhO0l;twIyeDOtdOzJ uDIcJvHzde,UO tuvH:xH;e>OvD:. yS:*DIrkIvU [DOcdO'DbhO[Jql xpJOvfxD (Tinseltown) 'fod; uuGIyS:*J:uvHP rH:[loOzsg
wzO tcDOvDIvU vUIbhObOtzDcdOOvD:. yS:wrSH: wzOtH: uxHOwIyeDOvU ttdO*UIusU:vUwIvlI cDOxH; bl;'D;wIvDItH:e>OvD:.
wIvUyS:wohOngtD:tgvU [DvhO0l; twI
vlIcdOe>OOvD:. wItH:rhI'OxlOpkngvUtupD: xDO0J'O 32 yhO vU Hollywood Pilgrimage Memorial
Monument tzDcdOe>OvD:. xlOpkngtH: bOwIyPtD:
zJwIvDItH:vU wIohOeDOxDO Christine Wetherill Stevenson vUtrhIydPrkO
xl;wD:Iogtgtg*DI*DIe>OvD:. t0J'O 'k;tdOxDOwIolOxDOvU
wI*J:uvHPt*DI Pilgrimage TheatreOvD:. wIvDIwIusJtH: uJbsK;'f wIxHOvdPo;tvDI vUwI*J:'dyPzsgc&HPt*hIe>OvD:.
wIyeDOcHcgvU tyPzsg yS:rH:[loOzsgt*hItH:e>OOvD:. wI*D:rlt*h:<…

qduwDIuGHPwIw*h:

zJ 1952 eHOtyl:< Florence Chadwick usJ;pU;0J 'fod; uyDIxH (26) rH;v;

OvD:. qUuwDI (15) eO&HO,HP0H:tvDIcHe>O< bVO[JvD:tgr;tCd t0JwxHOwI qlng *h:*h:vU:bO. t0JwohOnguh:vU: twIvJ:usJbOOvD:. vUwIo;[;*D:tyl:OvD:.
qlngcHvgtvDIcHOvD:. r:u'D;< bVOz;wDO[JvD:0J< bOqOwbsD tH: t0JyDIwk: tuwUIOvD:. Chadwick pH;0J'O t0JyPxDCP xHuUIeH:t*D: vUto;trJPyl:OvD:.
zJo;orl twI*hIuDcJwzO r:o'U ywI xHO vUngcDtcgI ywIwdP
cDzsd wIePtrJPcsHt*DIe>OvD:. vHP{h:MbH:vU vHPpDqSHtoDwuMwLI
oqOxDOyS: 'ftH:O< rfyChIvU wIo;pl:wuhI. 'D;yS:vU t'k;uJxDO'D; r:vUxDOySJ:xDOywIePO< rfyuGICD:wIqlttdOwuhI++ ({h:MbH: 12;1-2). zJytJO'd; qduwDIuGHPwItcg< ttH:rhIwI[hOyeDOvU tu'k; ohOeDOxDOuh:yS: wrhIxJwIvU upI,hO½â;…

xHvD:ou:tzD (Ice flower) wzO

Wilson Bentley rhI yS:o;pIzdvU to;tdO 15 eHOw*:vD:. t0JbOwIxk;e>I &JIe>ItD:vU rlcdOzDubsH;uxU(snowflakes) wzO twICHwIv:'dOr;
vD:. t0J'OuGIwItH:< tdO'D;wIo;pJ'dO'dOtgtgOvD:. t0J'O cJOwIohOwzOtH:
t*D:tdO'D; wIwhusd:usJ vD:wdIvD:qDe>OvD:. bOqOOOvD:. vUcH tgeHO tgvg
zJ 1885 eHOe>O< t0J'OtdO'D; wIulOxDO z;vD:wrH:vD:. t0J'O 'k;pJbl;CP wI'dwI*D:'U (camera) 'D;rJPxHuv:vU r:zsg'dOxDOwI
(microscope)OI xHvD:ou:zD wI*D:e>OvD:. vUtwItdOrltyl: Wilson Bentley
'de>I xHvD:ou:uxUt*D: 5000< 'D; twI*D:wcgpkPpkPtdO'D; tuhI*D:'dvD:qD'O0JOvD:. t0J'O wJzsgxDO
wIohOwzOtH:t*hI< 'D;pH;0JvUtrhIOvD:.
rlcdOzDtubsH;uxU wcg'D;wcg w'fod;vdPto;bOqO tcDO xH;cDObdOtod;vD:. y0J'Oud;*: y[JtdOxDO'OvU wIbOwhupI'D;…

y:&'Hpl; tyJBwD

tH:wvHO tyS:ohpd;ys:yS:qJ;v: trH:rhI vDO&:pdO*H:bOwHP (1378-1455)w*: pd;ys:0J upI,hO½â;to;orlt*hIvU uDItH:wvHO twI 'd;bsUxHtvDIe>O ,HP0JvUteHOwzOnge>OvD:. wdIbDyJBwDvU bOwI pd;ys:'J;uO'J;0h:tD:tH: ud;0JvU y:&'Hpl; tyJBwD e>OvD:.
'fyS:pd;ys:qJ;v:w*: twIulOohtod;OvD:. wItH:rhI0J ,hO½â;twIuwd:vUtpH;0J< ==,J'OtH:< ,rhIusJpU:vD:. rhI,:ow;'D;< yS:rhI [JEkP0J'D;O< t0J'OpH;bO tysJItbDOwzO
'D;pH;0J< ==,J'OtH: ,rhIusJ< 'D;wIrhIwIwD< 'D;wIrlvD:. rhwrhIbO,:'D;O ,hO½â;pH;u'D;0J qlyS:vUtbO wIys:xDtD:vU tuy:w*:< ==,pH;bOe:
wDwDtH:< cJrkIqgtH: eutdO'D;,:vUy:&'Hpl;tyl:vD:++ (vl: 23;43).
vUcHw,HPbO'D; wIrUzd pD:yDvl; pHOwJ:wJvD:0J bOC; upI,hO½â; vUtbOwIr:oHuGHPtD:w*:tH:O< wtdObOeDw*:bO. t*hI'ftH:< rH:t*k:t*:vU yS:unD tusg vUrlcdOtzDvPO wIrUzd pD:yDvl;uGJ;0J…

vUt'H;qhtvd:

zJvHP =vUt'H;qhtvd:+ (On the Wing) wbhOtyl:< Alan Tennant uGJ;eDOCPtwI*kPusJ;pU; zJtuvl:ydPuGI Peregrine vHPvhwuvkP
twIok;vDIok;usJt*hIvD:. vHPvhwzOtH: bOwIyPvkPyPyV:tD: vUtwICHwIv:< twIc@o'H;OvD:. xdOvD:v; wuvkPvU tvl:zDOtDOwIwzOe>O rhIwhI
pD:y:X yS:wlI'dOuD:'dOwzO twH:oud;vU zJt0JohO vl:c;wItcge>OvD:. wIvD:o;tk;wrH: rhIzJ 1950 teHOwzOtcg uoHOr:oHwIzdCI DDT bO wIoltD:0;0;< Xr:bO'dbOxH; xdOwzOtH: twI'k;vD:pU:vD:oGJOtu0D:OvD:.
vUwIo;pJvU wICkxHOuh: xdOwuvkPtH:tyl: Tennant
CkxUvHPweD: 'D;xDxDOCP transmitter (tyd;tvDvU uqSU electronic tyeDOwzO) vUtvd: 'fod;tuvl:uGI xdOwzOtwIok;vDI ok;usJ tusd:tuGP e>OvD:. bOqO zJt0JXtyS:eDOwI ,l:ydP xdOwzOtcH vUtubD,l: Cessna…

wIr:pU:tuD;

wIr:pU:tuD; rhI0J'O uD;t'dOuwUIwzsUOvU ttdOolOvD:
to;vU (Saginaw Bay)< xHvDIu0D:z;vJO (Lake Huron) tyl:vD:. uD;tH: tdO0J'D; rhOtlxlOvU tuJxDOwIr:pU:vU ubD (rhwrhI) u[O,l:ohOwzO vJ:wIuh:wItusJtusd:vD:. yS:ubDzd ohOwzO eP0J'OvU uD;tH: rhI0J'O upI,G: twIr:pU: tvDItCdI0J trH:vU =wIr:pU:tuD;+ vD:.
vUywItdOrl twIvJ:cDzsde>OOvD:. tCd 'fubDzdwzOtod;
yvdObO wIeJOvdtusJ'D; wIyl:zsJ;tvDIvD:. yMuU;qUrkIvIbOy0JvU =yeDIupI'O0J twI r:pU:+ tuD;vD:. vHPpH;xDOyMwU: yPzsg0JvU upI,G:e>O rhIupIw*:vU t[JpdPe>IyS: wIrkP wIckO'D; wIbVOwIbSDO ql[DOcdOvU tySJ:0J'D; wIolOudIo;*D:tH:vU trhI ywIyl:zsJ;tvDIvD:. vHPpH;xDOyMwU:pH;0J =='D;'k;uJxDOuvH:rkIvU wI*UIwyUIItD:'D;O qlubDoe>IbO yDOvJO…